Ramadan 2019




The word Ramadan has two meanings: Firstly it is the ninth month in the Islamic calendar (after Sha’aban and before Shawwal), secondly it is know as the Islamic fasting month. The Ramadan is one of the five pillars of Islam and therefore is of integral meaning for all Muslims.

When are the festive days of Ramadan 2019?
1. Day of Ramadan: 04th of June 2019
2. Day of Ramadan: 05th of June 2019
3. Day of Ramadan: 06th of June 2019

When is Ramadan in 2018 and 2019?
Ramadan 2018: 15th of May until 14th of June
Ramadan 2019: 6th of May until 4th of June
Duration and phases of Ramadan
The Ramadan is, depending on the year, 29 or 30 days long and complies with the position of the moon. To be more precise the ninth month of the Islamic calendar starts exactly when the new moon is visible for the first time and ends when the waning moon has completely disappeared, before the next new moon is visible. For example in the year of 2017 Ramadan takes place from 27th of May until 24th of June. Depending on the region and traditional interpretation Ramadan might start a day earlier or later. The most important day of Ramadan is the so called Laylat al-Qadr (Night of the determination) in which Mohammed has received the first revelation. But it is not clear when exactly this day is. It is celebrated on either the 21st, 23rd, 25th, 27th or 29th day of Ramadan. The month ends on the so called Eid al-Fitr, the first day of the new month Shawwal. It starts once the next new moon is visible. In case it can not be seen due to the weather Ramadan continues for very religious Muslims.
Ramadan in the Koran
In the Koran the Ramadan is mentioned in the second chapter in the 185th revelation. It says there:
The month of Ramadhan [is that] in which was revealed the Qur'an, a guidance for the people and clear proofs of guidance and criterion. So whoever sights [the new moon of] the month, let him fast it; and whoever is ill or on a journey - then an equal number of other days. Allah intends for you ease and does not intend for you hardship and [wants] for you to complete the period and to glorify Allah for that [to] which He has guided you; and perhaps you will be grateful.

Fasting during Ramadan
Fasting is the central tradition of Ramadan. For believers it takes place every day from sunrise until sunset. Therefore the fasting takes between 8 hours (if Ramadan takes place in winter) and 16 hours (if Ramadan takes place in summer) depending on the Islamic year (which has less days than a year has according to modern calculation of times). The meal that the Muslims eat before sunrise is called Suhoor and the meal they eat after sunset is called Iftar. Depending on the region and culture you live in there are major differences between each of the meals, partly because there is different food available in different regions. The meaning of the word fasting grasps further for Muslims than it does for most people. Strict fasting even means not being allowed to drink during the day. Faithful Muslims abstain from other parts of their daily life, too, like sexual activities and any kind of sinful actions or sinful talking.
The sense behind the fasting
Fasting during Ramadan has multiple meanings. Besides dedication and worship, abstaining from mundane values and belongings plays a role. It is being talked about abstaining from mundane thinking, too. Instead of it a time of believe is supposed to be celebrated, where the soul is being cleaned from harmful contaminations. But that is not everything, Muslims are supposed to learn other important things from it, too. One of those is self-discipline. Ramadan is perfect for practicing it. Readiness to make sacrifices and self-control are supposed to be learned, too. Believers are supposed to practice broad-mindedness, help for the less blessed people and general help for other people.
When do Muslims not have to fast?
There are a few exceptions considering Muslims not having to fast. One of them is the age: The obligation to fast starts with puberty and ends once a person has reached a high age, depending on the personal health. It is being said that a believer must fast as long as he is “mentally and physically healthy”.
Besides that there are many other exception to be mentioned: Travels where fasting is not possible, the menstruation of a woman, illness, pregnancy and while nursing. Some Muslims decide to practice fasting even if they are affected by one of the exceptions. This should only be done under strict medical supervision or else severe medical consequences may occur. For anyone , except the young and the elderly, that was not able to participate in Ramadan there is a rule that the days of fasting have to be caught up on.

Suhoor and Iftar
These two meals in Ramdan have different rules depending on the culture group. For the morning meal, Suhoor, it is important to eat before the first prayer of the day (Fajr) has been done. It is really different what is being eaten here, but mostly Muslims eat a meal made out of rice, fruit or another light meal. The rules for the second meal of the day, Iftar, are mostly stricter. First of all mainly dates are eaten and after that the fourth prayer of the day (Magrhib) is prayed. Afterwards the main course is served. Most of the time this is a really rich meal made out o either meat or rice accompanied with a selection of high calorie desserts. In some culture groups those are only prepared during Ramadan. In many regions it is a tradition that Iftar is eaten in a big group, therefore it is often eaten with friends or family. If this is the case the food is often served on a big buffet, where a large selection of food is given.

Donation for people in need
The second most important part of Ramadan, donating, plays a huge role in the Islam. It is reckoned a rule that a believer should give five percent of his savings to those in need. Besides this five-percent-donation (Zakāt), Muslims are asked to give more, if it is possible for them. This extra donation is called Sadaqah.

When are the festive days of Ramadan 2018?
1. Day of Ramadan: 16th of June 2018
2. Day of Ramadan: 17th of June 2018
3. Day of Ramadan: 18th of June 2018

When are the festive days of Ramadan 2017?
1. Day of Ramadan: 25th of June 2017
2. Day of Ramadan: 26th of June 2017
3. Day of Ramadan: 27th of June 2017

When where the festive days of Ramadan in 2016?
Ramadan 2016: 6th of June until 5th of July

1. Day of Ramadan: 5th of July 2016
2. Day of Ramadan: 6th of July 2016
3. Day of Ramadan: 7th of July 2016

When where the festive days of Ramadan in 2015?
Ramadan 2015: 18th of June until 16th of July

1. Day of Ramadan: 17th of July 2015
2. Day of Ramadan: 18th of July 2015
3. Day of Ramadan: 19th of July 2015

When where the festive days of Ramadan in 2014?
Ramadan 2014: 28th of June until 27th of July

1. Day of Ramadan: 28th of July 2014
2. Day of Ramadan: 29th of July 2014
3. Day of Ramadan: 30th of July 2014

German visitors can also take a look at www.ramadan.jetzt.


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